August Wilhelm DRESSLER. New objectivity. "Italian Theater Lodge" 1930 oil on canvas.
August Wilhelm Dressler (1886-1970)
Italian Theater Lodge.
Circa 1931/1932. Probably Painted during his stay in Villa Massimo, Roma.
Signed on the reverse: Aug Wilhelm Dressler,
titles: Italian Theater Lodge,
inscribed: Berlin Potsdamer Straße 81 D W 35,
crossed out: spectators in the theater (oil).
87.5cm 69cm (with frame 91cm 106cm)
Provenance : Bruno Bruni Collection. (Italian lithographer, graphic artist, painter and sculptor)
A great example of New Objectivity painting.
Please read bio after pictures section.
August Wilhelm Dressler ( December 19, 1886 in Bettelgrün , Bohemia – May 8, 1970 in Berlin ) was a German painter.
As a style-defining representative and advocate of the New Objectivity, August Wilhelm Dressler left behind a comprehensive work of painting and graphic art that captivates with an internalized representation in the classic painting tradition. His numerous portraits and nudes of women are of particular importance .
Life and work
Dressler first trained as a lithographer in Chemnitz . From 1907 he studied at the Dresden Art Academy with Robert Sterl , Raphael Wehle , Osmar Schindler and Richard Müller . Among other things, Dressler made the acquaintance of Otto Dix and exhibited in the Emil Richter Gallery . He came into conflict with his teacher Richard Müller and was exmatriculated . Dressler moved to the Academy for Graphic Arts and Book Trade in Leipzig . Contacts with the Dresden Secession Group in 1919 however, persisted.
After training in Leipzig, Dressler moved to Berlin as a freelance artist and joined the November Group there. In 1924 he became a member of the Berlin Secession . Between 1925 and 1936 Dressler took part in various exhibitions at the November Group, the German Artists' Association and the Prussian Academy of Arts ; among other things, he took part in the first exhibition “ Neue Sachlichkeit ” in the Mannheim Kunsthalle in 1925 and in the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam in 1929 . In 1928 Dressler also published in the communist Eulenspiegel .
During this time, Dressler received his first prizes for his artworks, namely the Rome Prize of the Prussian Academy of Arts in 1927 and the Dürer Prize of the City of Nuremberg in 1928 . Between 1930 and 1931 he was awarded a fellowship at Villa Massimo , Rome. From 1934 Dressler finally taught at the Staatsschule Berlin, from which he was expelled again in 1938 as a "degenerate artist" . From 1956 to 1957 he had a teaching position at the "Master School for Arts and Crafts" in Berlin.
In 1937, as part of the Nazi campaign “Degenerate Art”, works by Dressler were demonstrably confiscated from the Kronprinzenpalais Berlin, which belonged to the National Gallery, the Museum of Fine Arts in Leipzig and the Museum of Arts and Crafts in Stettin.
Many of his paintings were lost during World War II . After 1945, Dressler repeated some of his earlier works using photographs. He was married to the painter Käthe Knorr-Dressler . From July 1937 to February 1945, Dressler lived and worked illegally in his wife Käte's studio in the Klosterstraße studio community .
August Wilhelm Dressler died in Berlin in 1970 at the age of 83 and was buried in the Old St. Matthäus-Kirchhof in Schöneberg . Since 1980 his grave has been dedicated as a grave of honor by the state of Berlin .
Works confiscated in 1937 as "degenerate art" demonstrably
- Six stone engravings (folder with six lithographs, 1926; J. Ottens Verlag, Berlin; destroyed)
- Two women with a dog (graphic)
- The Betrothed (panel painting; destroyed)
- In front of the mirror (watercolour, 1926; destroyed)
Other works (selection)
- Nurse (panel painting, oil, 1922; in the inventory of the Berlinische Galerie )
- Plätterin (panel painting, oil/tempera, 1923; in the collection of the National Gallery Berlin )
- On the Havel (panel painting, oil; lost due to the war, formerly in the National Gallery Berlin)
- Mother (etching; among others in the inventory of the Lindenau-Museum s Altenburg/Thuringia)
- The Returnee (panel painting, oil; 1948 exhibited at the exhibition "150 Years of Social Currents in Fine Arts" in Dresden)
- The shoemaker (panel painting, oil, 1966; in the inventory of the Nationalgalerie Berlin)
- 1925 Neue Sachlichkeit, German Painting since Expressionism , June 14 – September 13, 1925, the Kunsthalle Mannheim
- 1928 Saxon art of our time , Dresden
- 1929 New Objectivity , Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam
- 1946 "I German Art Exhibition of the German Central Administration for National Education in the Soviet Occupation Zone”, Berlin, Unter den Linden Armory,
- 1955 Large retrospective and art prize of the city of Berlin
- 1963 Special exhibition in the "Sudeten German Gallery", Museum Regensburg
- 1967 solo exhibition in the gallery Nierendorf , Berlin
- 1988 Group exhibition for the tenth anniversary of the Mitte Gallery , Berlin
- 1994 traveling exhibition ( Käthe Kollwitz Museum , Cologne / City Museum ( Gallery in the Centrum ), Wesel / Academy of Arts , Berlin / Angermuseum , Erfurt)
- 2006 Solo exhibition in the Lehner Gallery, Vienna
- 2007 solo exhibition in the gallery Nierendorf, Berlin
- 2011/12 New objectivity in Dresden. Paintings from the 1920s from Dix to Querner , October 1, 2011 – January 8, 2012, Kunsthalle im Lipsius-Bau , Dresden
- August Wilhelm Dressler . In: Birgit Dalbaeva (ed.): New objectivity in Dresden . Sandstein Verlag, Dresden 2011, ISBN 978-3-942422-57-4 , p. 201 .
- Gudrun Schmidt: Studio community Klosterstraße - From the silent struggle of the artists , gallery Mitte, Berlin 1988. (Catalogue of the exhibition of the same name)
- Studio community Klosterstrasse – Berlin 1933–1945. Artists in the National Socialist Period , Academy of Arts (Hentrich Edition), Berlin 1994. ISBN 3-89468-134-9